The National Archaeological Museum of Athens (NAM) – Greece’s largest Museum, with some of the greatest collections of antiquities in the world – marks the centenary of the Asia Minor Catastrophe (1922-2022) with a rare exhibit originating from the Archaeological Museum of the Evangelical School of Smyrna. The exhibit – which will be on show through October 3, 2022, at the Museum’s Altar Hall- is titled “A marble head of a child retrieved from the ashes of Smyrna” and is part of the “The Unseen Museum”, a project that unveils to visitors selected objects hidden in the National Archaeological Museum’s storerooms.
It is worth mentioning that this is the third group of “Unseen Museum” exhibits that are on show at the National Archaeological Museum, as part of the commemorative events for the centenary of the Asia Minor Catastrophe. The previous ones were “The Flirting Bovines”, a Mycenaean amphoroid krater produced at the end of the 14th century BC, and “Gods and Heroes from Asia Minor”, namely three artifacts from Asia Minor, a bronze statuette of a resting Hercules, and two terracotta couple figures (Eros and Psyche).
Curated by Dr. Chrysanthis Tsoulis, archaeologist at the Museum’s Sculpture Collection Department, the current exhibition presents a marble head -probably of a Muse- with curly upswept hair crowning the forehead, which is believed to be a copy of a Hellenistic prototype. The intense damage discerned on its surface is due to cracks/breakages and exposure to high temperatures, which altered the once glossy skin of the marble.
More specifically, the circumstances relating to the extensive damage to the artwork are described in two documents kept in the Museum’s Administrative Archive, dated 28 August 1926, which are also on display in the showcase. The first document is a report signed by the then Director of the Museum, Panagiotis Kastriotis, to the Ministry, mentioning that the artwork was donated by the then military attaché of the British Embassy in Athens L. Bower, “bearing vivid traces of fire from the destruction of Smyrna in 1922”. The second document is Kastriotis’ thank-you letter to the donor, written in French.
“To me, this marble head represents the child victims who were sought and never found, because they were left behind buried in the bloody earth. It represents, I think, the victims of the war […] This was a privileged stone “creature” that was selected and “saved”. While the children left behind perished. The new exhibit of the Unseen Museum is in our consciousness a child who was lost and yet, one day, miraculously appeared in front of us” says Dr Konstantinos Paschalidis, curator of the Prehistoric Collection of the National Archaeological Museum, in an interview with Athens News Agency.
The Evangelical School of Smyrna was one of the most important educational institutions operating in the Ottoman Empire. Initially founded in Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey) in 1773, it held a variety of annexes, including a rich library comprising some 50,000 volumes and 180 manuscripts, as well as an archaeological museum, established in the early 19th century through purchases and donations from collectors and antiquarians. The Museum collections included coins, inscriptions, sculptures, and artifacts from terracotta and glass. The Museum was completely destroyed in September 1922 by the Great Fire of Smyrna and the fate of many of its antiquities remains unknown.
On September 4, 7, 18, 21, and October 2 (at 13.00), NAM’s archaeologists will be available to talk to visitors and present the excavations of the Greek Archaeological Department in Asia Minor (from 1919 to 1922), the establishment of archaeological museums and warehouses and the fate of the Collections in the days of the Catastrophe.
More info: Visit the National Archaeological Museum (NAM)'s official website
Read also on GNA:
- All of Greece, One Culture | Commemorating the Centenary of the Asia Minor Catastrophe, 1922-2022
- The Asia Minor Catastrophe through the Cinematic Lens: ‘1922’ by Nikos Koundouros
- Reading Greece: The Asia Minor Catastrophe in Modern Greek Literature
- Exhibition: 1922-2022, Remembrance and Art Stories
- Arts in Greece l The Asia Minor Catastrophe through the eyes of contemporary Greek artists
- Rethinking Greece | Emilia Salvanou on the Greek-Turkish population exchange after 1922 and the making of Greek refugees' memory